Severe weather is most common during the Spring months of March, April, and May across Tennessee and southwest Virginia, but it can occur any month of the year. It's important to stay weather-aware and to have multiple ways to receive severe weather alerts. Have a plan of action before the storm hits.
See the latest Severe Weather Alerts here: www.wcyb.com/weather/severe
See the latest Storm Track 5 Forecast here: www.wcyb.com/weather
Sign up for Severe Weather email and/or text alerts here: www.wcyb.com/weather/mobilealerts
Get the Storm Track 5 mobile app: www.wcyb.com/mobile
Tornadoes are nature's most violent and dangerous storms. Tornadoes can appear without warning and be invisible until dust and debris are picked up or a funnel cloud appears.
2014 commemorates the 40th anniversary of the worst tornado outbreak in U.S. history.
According to the National Weather Service, on April 3 and April 4, 1974, 148 twisters touched down in 13 states, leaving 330 people dead and 5,848 injured.
In Tennessee, 50 people died as 28 tornadoes blew through 19 counties in middle and east Tennessee.
A little more than a year ago, Middle Tennessee recorded the largest January tornado outbreak in its history, when 22 touched down on Jan. 30, 2013. This date also marks the second biggest outbreak of tornadoes for any month in Middle Tennessee history.
First, familiarize yourself with the terms used to identify a tornado hazard: a Tornado Watch indicates that conditions are right for a tornado to develop; a Tornado Warning indicates a tornado has developed or could develop within minutes.
Be sure to have a NOAA Weather Radio with batteries in case you lose power. Keep your cell phone charged and access the Storm Track 5 mobile app for the latest.
If at home, go to a basement or storm cellar, away from windows. If neither is available, find shelter under a piece of sturdy furniture such as a work bench or heavy table and hold on to it. A room in the center of the house is usually safer than the outer rooms.
If at work or school, go to the basement or inside hallway at the lowest level. Avoid auditoriums, gymnasiums, cafeterias or large hallways.
If outdoors, get inside a building, or lie in a ditch or low-lying area. Avoid water-filled ditches. Use arms to protect head and neck and stay low to the ground.
Never try to outrun a tornado. If in a vehicle, get out immediately and take shelter in a nearby building, ditch or low-lying area between the vehicle and tornado.
If in a mobile home, get out and take shelter in a building with a strong foundation or lie in a ditch or low-lying area between the tornado and mobile home.
A copy of the Severe Weather Awareness Guide, from TEMA and NWS, is available at www.srh.noaa.gov/images/ohx/SWAW/SWAW2014.pdf.
The guide contains more severe weather preparedness information and includes a disaster supplies checklist.
For more information on Severe Weather Awareness Week and on preparing for severe weather, visit TEMA's website at www.tnema.org, or download TEMA's ReadyTN smartphone application, http://www.tnema.org/ReadyTN/index.html.